In 1994, the United States, Mexico and Canada, with the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), created the world`s largest free trade region, which generated economic growth and helped improve the living standards of the people of the three member countries. By strengthening trade and investment rules, this agreement has proven to be a solid foundation for building Canada`s prosperity and has provided a valuable example of the benefits of trade liberalization for the rest of the world. The new Canada-U.S.-Mexico agreement will strengthen Canada`s strong economic ties with the United States and Mexico. The FDA was an important member of the U.S. team that negotiated the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), which came into effect on July 1 of this year. From the FDA`s perspective, the agreement adapts regulatory standards to public administration practices, improves the quality of products available to U.S. consumers and a level playing field for U.S. companies. On May 30, U.S. Trade Representative Robert E.

Lighthizer presented Congress with a draft declaration on the administrative steps needed to implement the U.S.-Mexico Agreement (USMCA and the new NAFTA), in accordance with the 2015 Presidential Trade Promotion (TPA) Administrative Action Statement. The project will allow congress to be presented to Congress, after 30 days, on June 29, a law to implement the USMCA. In a letter [73] to Nancy Pelosi, House of Representatives spokeswoman Kevin McCarthy, the minority leader of the House of Representatives, the Republican, told Lighthizer that the USMCA was the gold standard in U.S. trade policy, modernizing the competitive trade in digital, intellectual property and services in the United States and creating a level playing field for U.S. businesses. , workers and farmers, an agreement that represents a fundamental shift in trade relations between Mexico and Mexico. USMCA countries must comply with IMF standards to avoid exchange rate manipulation. The agreement requires disclosure of market interventions. The IMF may be summoned as an arbitrator if the parties argue. [57] The USMCA is expected to have very little impact on the economy. [108] An International Monetary Fund (IMF) discussion paper published at the end of March 2019 stated that the agreement would have a « negligible » impact on the general economy. [108] [113] The IMF study predicted that the USMCA « would have a negative impact on trade in the automotive, textile and clothing sectors, while achieving modest welfare gains, mainly due to improved access to the goods market, with a negligible impact on real GDP. » [113] The IMF study concluded that the economic benefits of the USMCA would be significantly enhanced if Trump`s trade war ended (i.e., the United States lowering tariffs on steel and aluminum imports from Canada and Mexico, and that Canada and Mexico lowering retaliatory duties on imports from the United States) [113] We commend the three governments for their cooperation in achieving free trade and fairness as part of a strong regional agreement.

The provisions of the Convention cover a wide range of agricultural products, homelessness, industrial products, working conditions and digital commerce. Among the most important aspects of the agreement are improving U.S. dairy farmers` access to the Canadian market, guidelines for a greater proportion of automobiles produced in the three countries and not imported from other countries, and maintaining the dispute settlement system, which is similar to that contained in NAFTA. [35] [38] In addition to the provisions of the original NAFTA, the USMCA borrows significant credits under the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) trade agreements and the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for the Trans-Pacific Partnership (PPAC).