2. The European Climate Pact can add value by acting as an « Umbrella » initiative for local climate pacts, by pacting and imitating the most successful and by achieving clear objectives. The development of EU climate policy is closely linked to international negotiations under the Un. In light of the first summary report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and in preparation for the upcoming negotiations on the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), climate change was first discussed by the European Council in 1990. In the same year, EU heads of state and government agreed to implement The first European climate target, which is to stabilise the European Community`s greenhouse gas emissions at 1990 levels by 2000. This objective was above all a signal to the international community regarding Europe`s ambitions, since at this stage EU decision-makers have not defined how to achieve this objective or who will do what among their Member States (SS) 2. Editorial Note: (1) « Economic Analysis of Selected Climate Effects, » Joint Research Center, 2020. A transparent and dynamic governance process will be developed to effectively and consistently implement the Energy Union, including the 2030 climate and energy targets. In 2011, the Commission presented a number of strategic documents for future climate policy: the framework was adopted by EU heads of state and government in October 2014. It builds on the 2020 climate-energy package and sets three main targets for 2030: a general agreement on a 2030 greenhouse gas emissions target, but differences in its ambitions. There was no consensus on a renewable energy and energy efficiency target.
In general, the energy sector and the energy-intensive industry oppose additional targets. Companies in low-carbon industries, such as renewable energy and energy efficiency, are of course in favour of strict targets and a three-pronged triple objective, which emphasizes the effects of growth and employment as well as security of supply. (Source: Commission Services Non Paper, Green Paper 2030: key results of the public consultation, 2013. The fight against climate change and the transition to a climate-neutral society requires considerable investment, research and innovation, new methods of production and consumption, and changes in the way we work, use transport and live together. The European Climate Pact will encourage broad societal engagement in climate change and the environment through a range of activities.